How to setup Mercurial on Windows for use with bitbucket over SSH

I enjoy making software. I also enjoy playing with the systems that support making software: for example source control, unit testing, continuous integration, issue tracking. As a result, I have wanted to set up my very own build server to manage personal projects for a while now.  As an intermediate step to building my own server, which looks to be a rather large undertaking, I have elected to use bitbucket. Using bitbucket not only provides me with these services while I work on developing my own, it should help to inform the choices I make regarding my own system.

For those who are new to bitbucket, as I am, it is an online service that provides, among other things, Mercurial hosting for your source code.  Its use of Mercurial, which is my current source control tool of choice, and its use of ssh keys for simple and secure communication are the two main reasons I have chosen it. Speaking of ssh keys for communication, there are two different ways to access your code once it is on bitbucket: via https using a username and password, or via SSH using public/private keys.  I’ve elected to use SSH because using https requires that you enter a password whenever you commit, and I’m too lazy for that. My personal philosophy is to automate as much as possible, and make things as easy as possible long term; even if that requires additional effort up front.

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